The impact of informatics in healthcare.

Introduction

Technology plays a vital role in the healthcare industry. Most of the healthcare across the globe use current advanced technology tools such as computerized coding or Electronic Health Records. Due to technology development, more connected devices have been implemented in healthcare resulting in improved quality of health services. The paper will be divided into three sections: The first section will cover the role of informatics nurses and the future of nursing informatics. The second section defines connected health, the primary connected health tools, and the pros and cons of each connected health tool, and the last section covers the impact of informatics in healthcare.

Current Role of the Informatics Nurse and theFuture Role of the Informatics

Nurse,

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Role of an Informatics Nurse

Nursing informatics is a rapidly growing field that has made significant changes in the delivery and outcome of services. The nursing informatics area is dedicated to delivering high-quality health services by enhancing effective data management and technical systems.  Using the data in the system, an informatics nurse can easily track trends, monitor any source of errors, and develop more effective systems. Nursing informatics requires nurse informatics to integrate their nursing skills with the acquired technical knowledge to develop that improve the quality of health services (Wallace, 2018).

As a healthcare nurse informatics, the aim role is to work on computer systems and patients’ information. As compared to healthcare informatics that focuses significantly on the administrative issues of the healthcare, nurse informatics focuses considerably on patient care. Nurse informatics links communication between information technology nurses and clinical nurses. Informatics nurse reports feedback concerning a new system and technology from nurses using informatics in their routine operation. It’s responsible for nurse informatics to control the quality of health services provided to patients, training clinical staff, system development, selecting and preparing a new technology, and supporting and guiding nurses on how to use informatics in healthcare are utilized fully.  The routine roles of nurse informatics in healthcare include: Conducting an analysis of clinical statistics, writing policies, project management, optimizing the performance of a system, and tracking the performance of a quality initiative in the healthcare (Wallace, 2018).

Future Roles of Informatics Nurse

The success of nursing informatics in healthcare is an indicator of a promising and bright future in the use of informatics in nursing.  It has been found that nursing informatics leads to the quality of health services provided. According to Wallace (2018), the role ofnurse informaticswill improve the quality of health serves provided by enhancing effective nursing documentation processes, optimizing workflow, and enhanced planning of patient care.  The informatics nurse role in training and guidance will improve the drug administering process, which will help to reduce medical errors, increase job satisfaction rate, improve safety, and reduce anxiety among nurses. The nurse informatics will leverage technology and transform care delivery, which will increase connectivity, which will increase knowledge sharing abilities and effective collaboration between care providers, patients, and different hospitals. The future role of informatics nurses will be to advance medical research, thus improving the diagnosis process, preventing diseases and illnesses, curing and preventing people from epidemics.

Nurse informatics will require to have knowledge and expertise on how to use more advanced systems that efficiently interact with others.  Nurse informatics will need to have strategic skills for increasing data privacy due to increased access; thus, security concerns will be a priority.  The future nurse informatics will be required to have advanced data analysis skills to support the analysis of patient data significantly. For example, the development of nurse informatics may concentrate on data science, which is one of the areas of interest.  Nursing informatics will require to master various data computation techniques due to the increase in computation techniques used to analyze enormous data to promote more advanced patient care.  Nurse informatics will be required to train more staff because, according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, in the future, informatics is anticipated to increase by over 15% by 2024.  This is a high growth rate for all occupations in all over the US. Informatics relies on data, science, and technology, which have promised more exceptional achievement and growth (Rhodes, 2017).

Connected Health

Connected health is actionable insights and web of intelligent communication that encompasses terms such as telehealth, Mhealth, wireless, and digital electronics to provide integrated care and healthy results.  Being a conceptual model implemented to effectively manage health, all the connected health devices used in healthcare are designed in a manner that meets the needs of the patient, data sharing ad storage. Through the connected health, the patient can get health care services proactively and most effectively.  The primary connected health tools that are widely used in healthcare are; mobile apps, telehealth, andwearable technology (Englander, 2018). All these tools, alongside other digital tools, help to effectively and efficiently connect patients with the care provider.

Pros and Cons of Connected Health Tools

Telehealth

The advantage of telehealth in healthcare is that it expands the patients base. With telehealth, a patient can receive health services from their homes which allows many patients from various geographical area access healthcare with ease.  Secondly, physicians can take advantage of telehealth by expounding on the patient base and strengthening the nurse-patient bond. Telehealth makes it easy for the care providers to connect with the patient from diverse geographical areas, which is effective to patients responsible for providing specialist referral services, medical education, primary care, patient monitoring, and medical health information. Telehealth is cost-effective as it offers out-office visits for both care providers and patent. Telehealth helps in engaging patients and getting the best patient outcome(Englander, 2018). The major disadvantage of telehealth is regulatory and industrial barriers. Telehealth has low physical examination, which makes the diagnosis process less complete. All the nursing process occurs on system software and hardware, which is expensive. It requires staff training, hiring more IT staff, and purchase servers to the software. The other cons of telehealth are patient data bleach and illiteracy of the patient, thus unable to use the system(Englander, 2018).

mHealth

The use of mobile devices in healthcare (mHealth) creates convenience and connectedness of mHealth and other facets of eHealth. The use of mHealth drastically improves the quality of life and make healthcare easily accessible. It improves medication adherence to aggregated patient medical information. It enhances monitoring by connecting patients with care providers. It set motion through the use of laptops, tablets, cellphones, etc. which decline documentation and paperwork. The cons of mHealth are it force medical practitioners to check that patients take the correct prescription of administered medication. Lack of regulation because mHealth is not FDA priority, thus subject to risks and are very reliant(Frisbee, 2016).

Wearable Technology

The use of this connected health in healthcare helps care providers to stay connected through having an alert of incoming emails and messages.  The pros of wearable tech are that it facilitates hand-free experience through messaging and receiving the call. Wearable tech is portable and convenient as it allows access to medical resources and information at any time. It improves clinical decision making by using wearable medical resources to access different drug databases reference to enhance knowledge and understanding. It allows for options of customizing information according to the fitness of information and personal health, thus enhancing more personalized information. It increases accuracy through tracking of patient health, improve efficiency and productivity of health outcome. The cons of wearable technology are; low battery life, lack of flexible sensors for personalizing patient data, insecurity of stored information, lack of privacy, lack of app reliability due to lack of physician involvement during app development. Lastly, there is a lack of app integration due to difficulties experienced when integrating a new system(Burmaoglu et al., 2018).

Impacts of informatics in healthcare

The development of technology is rapidly changing and transforming healthcare. The technology developments in healthcare range from the robotic arms used to perform surgery to the nanorobotics used to delivers drugs medicines via the bloodstream. Human roles in healthcare seem to have been entirely replaced by informatics. The following are impacts of healthcare informatics in the delivery and outcome of health services.

Public health. The higher data accessibility can be employed to use and improve healthcare outcomes. Through informatics, health providers can look for drug efficacy and disease management within patients. The same information can be used by researchers to increase the application.  Public informatics has helped to control an epidemic and improve preparedness whenever there is an outbreak of diseases such as flu. The data stored in informatics is used by public health organizations to instill preventive plans, track disease changes, or report a concern inpatient population. Secondly, informatics has led to drastic savings.  It has been found that 50% of all medical costs are utilized on account of repeated procedures.  The traditional method used in the delivery of services is more expensive and subject to delays and medical errors. Informatics helps healthcare to connect the systems from lab to pharmacy, thus reducing errors, increase efficiency, and improve communication (Park, 2014).

The third impact of informatics in healthcare is shared knowledge.  Medicine is usually referred to as practice in healthcare because the care provider continues to learn new things as well as horning new skills. Through informatics, the new path is about awareness and knowledge about medicines, patients, diseases, therapies, etc.  Knowledge is readily dispatched in healthcare between patients and care providers.  Informatics helps everyone involved in healthcare. Fourth, informatics have impacted on patient participation. When patients are able to access electronic records for the health history of the patients and recommendations, it much empowers patients to take their health roles seriously (Park, 2014).  Patients can access their health portals, thus able to effectively educate themselves about the diagnosis, prognosis, and track of their medications and disease symptoms. Through informatics, patients are now part of their healthcare team.

Fifth, informatics has led to impersonalization of health care.  The informatics has received a lot of critics because care is less personal.  It’s believed that a health provider requires to see the patient offer the best services. However, informatics technology has replaced almost everything. The patient data gathered is sorted through the algorithm to determine the problem. However, irrespective of whether the care is becoming less personal, there is the provision of accurate and detailed data used to improve patient care (Wang &Stiglic, 2015). Sixth, informatics has led to increased coordination of healthcare. Healthcare is rapidly evolving and getting specialized, which implies that many patients receive care from different people in a single hospital stay. The increase in healthcare specialist required improved coordination, which is provided by informatics. The coordination has a wide range, such as pharmaceutical concerns, nutrition, blood levels, therapy, scans, and discharge instructions. When all these processes are required, informatics makes the required coordination. Lastly, informatics has improved outcomes. EMR improves quality care and safe care because the coordinated team offers better diagnosis and reduce errors. The informatics makes the roles of care providers more efficient and saves time and cost (Wang &Stiglic, 2015).

Conclusion

In conclusion, the informatics nurse plays a crucial role in improving communication and quality patient care through analyzing clinical data, managing projects, writing policies, and training on the use of informatics. The future of healthcare informatics is auspicious as it will result in improving the delivery of care and the provision of quality healthcare. Connected health aims at providing integrated care and improving health outcomes. The connected health tools are telehealth, mHealth, wearable technology, and secure messaging tools, etc. The impacts of informatics in healthcare are; improved public health, lead to drastic savings, increase shared knowledge and patient participation, increased coordination, and has impersonalized healthcare.

References

Burmaoglu, S., Trajkovik, V., Tutukalo, T. L., Yalcin, H., & Caulfield, B. (2018). Evolution Map of Wearable Technology Patents for Healthcare Field. Wearable Technology in Medicine and Health Care, 275-290. doi:10.1016/b978-0-12-811810-8.00014-2

Englander, L. (2018). Telehealth and Digital Technology. Telehealth and Medicine Today1(1). doi:10.30953/tmt.v1.62

Frisbee, K. L. (2016). Variations in the Use of mHealth Tools: The VA Mobile Health Study. JMIR mHealth and uHealth4(3), e89. doi:10.2196/mhealth.3726

Park, J. S. (2014). Impacts of Hospitals’ Innovativeness on Information System Outsourcing Decisions. Healthcare Informatics Research20(2), 135. doi:10.4258/hir.2014.20.2.135

Rhodes S. (2017, February 7). Health Informatics And The Future Of Healthcare. Retrieved from https://www.healthitoutcomes.com/doc/health-informatics-the-future-of-healthcare-0001

Wallace, S. (2018). Healthcare Informatics and Technology. Essential Knowledge for CNL® and APRN Nurse Leaders. doi:10.1891/9780826183712.0025

Wang, F., &Stiglic, G. (2015). Data Analytics in Healthcare Informatics. 2015 International Conference on Healthcare Informatics. doi:10.1109/ichi.2015.62

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