Health illiteracy has a significant impact on type 2 diabetes mellitus patients. A study that was done by Koonce et al. (2015) involving 160 participants aimed to determine whether health literacy levels and learning styles impacted positively on the knowledge concerning their condition. The participants were divided randomly into an intervention group (81) and a control group (79) in a healthcare setting. Diabetes Knowledge tests (DKT) containing 23 questions each were administered to both groups. Although 5 patients from the control group and 6 from the intervention group did not finish the study, the remaining 128 made it to the end. Participants in the intervention group (79%) showed more health literacy than those in the control group (66%). More so, participants in the intervention group scored higher on DKT questions than those in the control group. As such, the study confirmed that patients’ knowledge about diabetes increased after exposure to educational materials.
Mikhael,Hassali, & Hussain (2020) conducted a study to determine the effectiveness of Diabetes Self-Management Educational Programs (DSMEP) for type 2 diabetes mellitus patients in the Middle East. Previous studies on the same topic were researched from PubMed and Google Scholar, and twelve of them were selected based on their relevance. Cochrane Risk of Bias Tool was used to assess for any risk of the selected studies. Changes in clinical outcomes after DSMEwere assessed through the calculation of the percentage of DSME studies that led to positive clinical outcomes. Also, the absolute effect in clinical outcomes was observed to determine the effectiveness of the DSME. Analysis of the findings showed that all clinical glycemic outcomes and body mass index were improved in the intervention group as compared to the control group in at least 60% of the included studies. All patients reported that DSME programs improved their outcomes.
Sudy on determine diabetic self-management education (DSME)
Carole et al. (2015) as well conducted a study to determine diabetic self-management education (DSME) on glycemic control in type 2 diabetes patients. Previous studies were searched from peer-reviewed sources such as Medline and PsychINFO, among others. Analysis of the selected studies showed that 61.9% of the participants showed a change in glycemic levels after undergoing DSME. The overall mean reduction in the glycemic levels 0.74 in the intervention group and 0.17 in the control group. The mean average absolute reduction was 0.57. This showed that engaging in DSME resulted in a decrease in glycemic levels.
Al-Shahrani (2018) did research at a diabetic and endocrine center in Saudi Arabia to determine the effect of diabetic health education on glycemic control in type 2diabetic patients. Epi Info version was used to sample 465 participants out of 4100. Personal and demographic data were collected before the participants underwent 30 minutes diabetic education program every two months for one year. Two blood samples were taken from each participant during the program to determine changes in glycemic levels. There was a decrease in the mean glycemic levels after the successful completion of the diabetic education program from 10.41 to 8.22.
In 2016, Fitzgerald, Funnell, &Anderson carried out research to determine the reliability and validity of the revised Diabetic Knowledge Test (DKT). Two samples, one containing 101 participants from an online survey company (Qualtrics) and the other containing 89 participants from the University of Michigan diabetic registry (MEND), were selected. A comparison in education levels, glycemic levels, type of diabetes, and the type of insulin and oral medications used was done to confirm the validity. Analysis of the results showed that the mean of the MEND test score was higher than that of Qualtrics. As such, the study showed that the effectiveness of the revised DKT depended on the objective of the physician taking care of the patient.
Technology-enabled diabetes self-management education and support (DSMES) has an outstanding impact on diabetic patients. A study conducted by Greenwood, Gee, Fatkin, & Peeples(2017) was aimed to prove the effectiveness of the approach. A systematic review of twenty-five peer-reviewed articles was done. Eighteen of the reviewed articles showed a reduction in glycemic levels in people who applied technology-enabled DSMES. The results also showed that technology-enabled DSMES enhanced communication, education, and instant feedback, which made this approach effective in reducing glycemic levels.
Santorelli,Ekanayake, & Wilkerson-Leconte (2017) carried out research to investigate the rate of participation of adult patients in diabetic self-management classes.Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) was used to collect data. A total of 4358 participants were selected, and a SAS version 9.2 complex survey procedure was followed. More so, the Rao Scott χ2 test was used to validate annual estimates for diabetes prevalence in New Jersey. Results showed that the annual New Jersey response rate had risen from 41.4% in 2013 to 46.6% in 2015. Although the rate of participation had increased, patient participation varied in different counties based on factors such as education levels and race.
In summary, diabetic self-management education programs have a great impact when utilized by type 2 diabetic patients. Based on the information from the reviewed articles, patients who had participated in DSME programs showed a decrease in glycemic levels as compared to those who rarely participated. Also, the articles show that participation in DSME programs varied depending on the level of education, race, and illiteracy. More so, technology-enabled diabetes self-management education and support programs produced great results in glycemic levels as patients found it more convenient to study health materials on the phones and computers than attend actual DSME programs.
Al-Shahrani, A. M. (2018). Impact of health education program on diabetic control among diabetic patients managed at a diabetic and endocrine center in Bisha, Saudi Arabia.
Chrvala, C. A., Sherr, D., & Lipman, R. D. (2016). Diabetes self-management education for adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus: a systematic review of the effect on glycemic control. Patient education and counseling, 99(6), 926-943.
Fitzgerald, J. T., Funnell, M. M., Anderson, R. M., Nwankwo, R., Stansfield, R. B., &Piatt, G. A. (2016). Validation of the revised brief diabetes knowledge test (DKT2). The Diabetes Educator, 42(2), 178-187.
Greenwood, D. A., Gee, P. M., Fatkin, K. J., & Peeples, M. (2017). A systematic review of reviews evaluating technology-enabled diabetes self-management education and support. Journal of diabetes science and technology, 11(5), 1015-1027.
Koonce, T. Y., Giuse, N. B., Kusnoor, S. V., Hurley, S., & Ye, F. (2015). A personalized approach to deliver health care information to diabetic patients in community care clinics. Journal of the Medical Library Association: JMLA, 103(3), 123.
Mikhael, E. M., Hassali, M. A., & Hussain, S. A. (2020). Effectiveness of Diabetes Self-Management Educational Programs For Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Patients In Middle East Countries: A Systematic Review. Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome, and Obesity: Targets and Therapy, 13, 117.
Santorelli, M. L., Ekanayake, R. M., & Wilkerson-Leconte, L. (2017). Peer-Reviewed: Participation in a Diabetes Self-Management Class Among Adults With Diabetes, New Jersey 2013–2015. Preventing chronic disease, 14.
Get Professional Assignment Help Cheaply
Are you busy and do not have time to handle your assignment? Are you scared that your paper will not make the grade? Do you have responsibilities that may hinder you from turning in your assignment on time? Are you tired and can barely handle your assignment? Are your grades inconsistent?
Whichever your reason is, it is valid! You can get professional academic help from our service at affordable rates. We have a team of professional academic writers who can handle all your assignments.
Why Choose Our Academic Writing Service?
- Plagiarism free papers
- Timely delivery
- Any deadline
- Skilled, Experienced Native English Writers
- Subject-relevant academic writer
- Adherence to paper instructions
- Ability to tackle bulk assignments
- Reasonable prices
- 24/7 Customer Support
- Get superb grades consistently
Online Academic Help With Different Subjects
Students barely have time to read. We got you! Have your literature essay or book review written without having the hassle of reading the book. You can get your literature paper custom-written for you by our literature specialists.
Do you struggle with finance? No need to torture yourself if finance is not your cup of tea. You can order your finance paper from our academic writing service and get 100% original work from competent finance experts.
While psychology may be an interesting subject, you may lack sufficient time to handle your assignments. Don’t despair; by using our academic writing service, you can be assured of perfect grades. Moreover, your grades will be consistent.
Engineering is quite a demanding subject. Students face a lot of pressure and barely have enough time to do what they love to do. Our academic writing service got you covered! Our engineering specialists follow the paper instructions and ensure timely delivery of the paper.
In the nursing course, you may have difficulties with literature reviews, annotated bibliographies, critical essays, and other assignments. Our nursing assignment writers will offer you professional nursing paper help at low prices.
Truth be told, sociology papers can be quite exhausting. Our academic writing service relieves you of fatigue, pressure, and stress. You can relax and have peace of mind as our academic writers handle your sociology assignment.
We take pride in having some of the best business writers in the industry. Our business writers have a lot of experience in the field. They are reliable, and you can be assured of a high-grade paper. They are able to handle business papers of any subject, length, deadline, and difficulty!
We boast of having some of the most experienced statistics experts in the industry. Our statistics experts have diverse skills, expertise, and knowledge to handle any kind of assignment. They have access to all kinds of software to get your assignment done.
Writing a law essay may prove to be an insurmountable obstacle, especially when you need to know the peculiarities of the legislative framework. Take advantage of our top-notch law specialists and get superb grades and 100% satisfaction.
What discipline/subjects do you deal in?
We have highlighted some of the most popular subjects we handle above. Those are just a tip of the iceberg. We deal in all academic disciplines since our writers are as diverse. They have been drawn from across all disciplines, and orders are assigned to those writers believed to be the best in the field. In a nutshell, there is no task we cannot handle; all you need to do is place your order with us. As long as your instructions are clear, just trust we shall deliver irrespective of the discipline.
Are your writers competent enough to handle my paper?
Our essay writers are graduates with bachelor's, masters, Ph.D., and doctorate degrees in various subjects. The minimum requirement to be an essay writer with our essay writing service is to have a college degree. All our academic writers have a minimum of two years of academic writing. We have a stringent recruitment process to ensure that we get only the most competent essay writers in the industry. We also ensure that the writers are handsomely compensated for their value. The majority of our writers are native English speakers. As such, the fluency of language and grammar is impeccable.
What if I don’t like the paper?
There is a very low likelihood that you won’t like the paper.
- When assigning your order, we match the paper’s discipline with the writer’s field/specialization. Since all our writers are graduates, we match the paper’s subject with the field the writer studied. For instance, if it’s a nursing paper, only a nursing graduate and writer will handle it. Furthermore, all our writers have academic writing experience and top-notch research skills.
- We have a quality assurance that reviews the paper before it gets to you. As such, we ensure that you get a paper that meets the required standard and will most definitely make the grade.
In the event that you don’t like your paper:
- The writer will revise the paper up to your pleasing. You have unlimited revisions. You simply need to highlight what specifically you don’t like about the paper, and the writer will make the amendments. The paper will be revised until you are satisfied. Revisions are free of charge
- We will have a different writer write the paper from scratch.
- Last resort, if the above does not work, we will refund your money.
Will the professor find out I didn’t write the paper myself?
Not at all. All papers are written from scratch. There is no way your tutor or instructor will realize that you did not write the paper yourself. In fact, we recommend using our assignment help services for consistent results.
What if the paper is plagiarized?
We check all papers for plagiarism before we submit them. We use powerful plagiarism checking software such as SafeAssign, LopesWrite, and Turnitin. We also upload the plagiarism report so that you can review it. We understand that plagiarism is academic suicide. We would not take the risk of submitting plagiarized work and jeopardize your academic journey. Furthermore, we do not sell or use prewritten papers, and each paper is written from scratch.
When will I get my paper?
You determine when you get the paper by setting the deadline when placing the order. All papers are delivered within the deadline. We are well aware that we operate in a time-sensitive industry. As such, we have laid out strategies to ensure that the client receives the paper on time and they never miss the deadline. We understand that papers that are submitted late have some points deducted. We do not want you to miss any points due to late submission. We work on beating deadlines by huge margins in order to ensure that you have ample time to review the paper before you submit it.
Will anyone find out that I used your services?
We have a privacy and confidentiality policy that guides our work. We NEVER share any customer information with third parties. Noone will ever know that you used our assignment help services. It’s only between you and us. We are bound by our policies to protect the customer’s identity and information. All your information, such as your names, phone number, email, order information, and so on, are protected. We have robust security systems that ensure that your data is protected. Hacking our systems is close to impossible, and it has never happened.
How our Assignment Help Service Works
1. Place an order
You fill all the paper instructions in the order form. Make sure you include all the helpful materials so that our academic writers can deliver the perfect paper. It will also help to eliminate unnecessary revisions.
2. Pay for the order
Proceed to pay for the paper so that it can be assigned to one of our expert academic writers. The paper subject is matched with the writer’s area of specialization.
3. Track the progress
You communicate with the writer and know about the progress of the paper. The client can ask the writer for drafts of the paper. The client can upload extra material and include additional instructions from the lecturer. Receive a paper.
4. Download the paper
The paper is sent to your email and uploaded to your personal account. You also get a plagiarism report attached to your paper.
PLACE THIS ORDER OR A SIMILAR ORDER WITH US TODAY AND GET A PERFECT SCORE!!!