Flaws of disaster relief public policy paper


Regional, national, and even local public policy conveys both the opportunity to evolve and grow and,on occasions, a related chance to step back to a previous place or position if a specific policy does not work. The government deploys tools such as sanctions, legislation, taxes, and regulations to design public policy. An ideal public policy should be cost-effective, has no demands on government, fair, assure the public of meeting specific goals, consider justice issues and equity as well as adaptable to change, and embrace technology diffusion and innovation (Marie, 2012). An inactive and detached public is a significant barrier to deliver crucial policy initiatives by the government. Elements to consider in designing a public policy are; policy goals or objectives, problem, and how the policy will tackle the problem, tools to deploy, target open group, and policy implementation method.

Disaster relief public policy

Public policies are designed through both the political process and technical analysis. Poor design of policy leads to objectives and goals not fully met. Poor designed public policies may also fail to be effective. An example of a poorly designed public policy is the disaster relief policy. After hurricane Katrina hit Mississippi, a survey was conducted, and only twenty-five percent of the respondent identified the government disaster relief as a significant source of aid. Aids from non-profit organizations, volunteers, and commercial enterprises were more effective than Government disaster relief.

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Flaws of disaster relief public policy

The government disaster relief is poorly designed as it often creates room for growth in the disaster-prone areas, facilitates corruption, and crowds out individual help. The victims recognize the government as their primary source of support. The disaster relief poses a category of problems ill-fitted for private arcade solutions. Disaster relief debatably, is a public good that would be undersupplied if the obligation of providing for it is assigned to a private sector. If this mode of reasoning is universal, the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) suits the national government function.

Purely public goods should be non-rival and non-excludable. Non-rival means that one person’s consumption of the products will not reduce the amount available for other people to consume. Non-excludable means that gods are accessible to all members of the public regardless they have contributed to financing the goods or not. In the occasions of disaster, the policy allows the private sectors to supply products that are supposed to be purely public. Even if the Disaster relief is referred to as a form of social insurance against natural disasters, it does not abide by that government provision is the best and only option. The government provision in the disaster-stricken areas tends to make matters worse.

Disaster relief public policy is poorly designed since the first task required of responders after a disaster is to supply mostly private services. Rescuing survivors from flooded homes or out of the rubbles is a rivalrous task between the government and private rescuing crews. The rescuing process cannot be done simultaneously as the rescuing crew work in turns. Emergency-relief provisions such as shelter, water, and food are private supplies which are rival.

Disaster relief public policy can be redesigned to eliminate all the shortcomings. The policy should lay off its objectives and goals. The policy’s primary goal is to provide relief to the victims, which they should meet without indulging in the private sectors. The policy response to the disaster should be emphasized other than where the private sectors are the first ones to provide relief when disaster strikes. The disaster policy should situate the rescue mission is fully achieved to alleviate the problem of losing people and properties. The national level where the policy is formulated should safeguard the policy implementation through ensuring consistency of delivering the policy at a subnational level of disaster-stricken areas (Hunter, 2019).


The significant barriers to implementing policies are the public. Democracy demands that the public should participate in policymaking. Policy specialists should be aware of the extent to which policies should be employed. The growth of diverse public policy problems resulted in the process of influencing human behavior to be very complicated. Policymakers should consider all aspects that affect social functioning. A well-designed policy delivers effective outcomes and the essential potential payoff (Marie, 2012).

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