The cross-country (CC) ski is an analysis using the traditional measurements in the laboratory entails taking the camber height measurements by placing ski upon a flat rigid plate that has a loading of weights of different masses. The CC ski traditional measurement only gives results for the selected loads even though it takes a lot, so time to take the measurements. The experiment covered in this paper sought to achieve three goals, namely: the first goal is to come up with test devices that can produce essential characteristic parameters of the ski in the lab in a shorter time than the current traditional devices. Secondly, to come up with a device that calculates the flexural stiffness of the ski. Finally, to create a finite element based on the achieved results (Breitschädel, 2014). The model will allow for multiple simulations, such as the distribution models between the flat surface and the ski.
Calculating the pressure distribution for cross-country ski based finite element modeling has been quite troublesome because currently, there is no state of the art devices to do the calculations in short lead-time efficiently. Engineers must come up with designs for devices that produce results efficiently for both general and selected loads. Continuous improvement of the existing device is necessary. However, there is a need to engineer a new device that can calculate how pressure din a long-distance ski racing.
From the experiment, it was possible to build and test a half-automated test bench successfully as well as recording a camber profile from both the loaded and unloaded data skis. After calculating the bending stiffness the It was determined that it is strongly dependent on the selected model as well as the quality of the curvature measurements Breitschädel, 2014). The study was also able to achieve pressure profiles contour, which showed a reasonable distribution measurement that was similar to the ones achieved with the pressure mats that are sensitive such as Tekscan.
Importance (Future use direction)
This study was quite a success and the reduced lead time for calculating the pressure distribution in the ski achieved will highly contribute to the improvement of cross country skiing. Having built and tested a semi-automated test bench that can record results for both loaded and unloaded skis is quite an advancement in the field (Breitschädel, 2014). The study also encountered some because the experiments we also quite complicated. One of the challenges encountered was the sensitivity in deriving measurements for loaded and unloaded (selected and general) skis because of the inaccuracies in the measured deflections. In the future, the measurement will require smoothening to be able to give curvature levels that are desirable in the calculation of bending stiffness. The second challenge encountered is basing the bending stiffness formula on a linear beam theory that had tiny displacements. Thus in the future, we suggest the use of displacements to ensure that the deflection is not outside the ski. Finally, the study also observed that the contact axis and the neutral bending axis were the same in the model; thus, a future model should consider the geometrical thickness of the ski to differentiate the contact surface and the bending axis.
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